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Politike

"Political pressure, intimidation and corruption hindered the judiciary"/ DASH publishes the report on Albania and gives a strong warning to the Government: The media is under pressure, the administration is being misused

"Political pressure, intimidation and corruption hindered the

Deficiencies with the independence and integrity of the judiciary; lack of independent media; and ongoing corruption in government, law enforcement and local institutions were the main problems in Albania during the past year, according to the US State Department report published today.

Although the constitution provides for an independent judiciary, "political pressure, intimidation, corruption and limited resources prevented the judiciary from functioning fully, independently and efficiently," the report said.

The report notes that there has also been progress, mentioning the Special Anti-Corruption Structure (SPAK), which during the past year has investigated, prosecuted and punished senior officials and members of organized crime, involved in corruption.

Corruption, the report states, was present in all branches and levels of government, including public procurement and public-private partnerships.

One of the main problems mentioned in the report is the state of the media and the pressure on it.

According to the report, observers claim that "the government, political parties, businesses and criminal groups tried to influence the media in inappropriate and non-transparent ways."

There is a free media and a proliferation of media outlets, especially online, that represent a wide spectrum of views without accountability, often without attributing information.

"However, independent media are few and far between, as most media are owned by powerful businessmen with vested interests who use their media to advance their own interests, including profiteering and promoting interests they have with parties. political",  says the report.

The State Department also says there have been credible reports that senior members of the media used their bodies to blackmail businesses, threatening them with negative coverage.

"Political pressure, corruption and lack of funding limited independent print media, and journalists reportedly practiced self-censorship,"  the report said.

Yes, according to the State Department, the report of the International Election Observation Mission after the April 2021 parliamentary elections estimated that journalists remained vulnerable to pressure and corruption.

Duke iu referuar këtyre zgjedhjeve, në raport thuhet se sipas Misionit Ndërkombëtar të Vëzhguesve megjithëse zgjedhjet në përgjithësi ishin të organizuara mirë, partia në pushtet siguroi avantazhe të rëndësishme nga fakti i të qënit pushteti i saj, nga kontrolli mbi administratat vendore dhe nga keqpërdorimi i burimeve administrative”.

Raporti përmend gjithashtu përfitimin që shumica siguroi nga mbulimi pozitiv i institucioneve shtetërore në media, si edhe pretendimet e besueshme për blerje të përhapura të votave nga partitë politike dhe nxjerrjen dhe përdorimin e paligjshëm të të dhënave të ndjeshme personale.

Në raport thuhet se disa pronarë biznesesh, aktivistë të shoqërisë civile dhe politikanë akuzuan qeverinë për zbatim selektiv të ligjit për sekuestrimin e pronave për qëllime politike.

Aty përmenden si shembuj mbyllja me forcë e një ambjenti biznesi të një deputeti të opozitës, i cili tha se kompania e tij ishte vënë në shënjestër, pasi ai kishte akuzuar vazhdimisht dhe publikisht zyrtarët e qeverisë për korrupsion.

Po ashtu përmendet shembja në dhjetor e një hoteli nga Inspektorati Kombëtar për Mbrojtjen e Territorit, duke përmendur si arsye shkelje të rënda të ligjeve të ndërtimit.

Në raport përmendet fakti që pronari i hotelit, që është edhe pronar i disa mediave dhe bizneseve të tjera, pretendon se hoteli i tij u shkatërrua për të heshtur kritikat dhe kundërshtimet, ndërkohë që qeveria tha se veproi në përputhje me ligjet në fuqi.

Duke folur për të drejtat e grave, raporti vë në dukje se qeveria nuk e zbatoi ligjin në mënyrë efektive kur bëhet fjalë për përdhunimet.

The report also states that the authorities have not published data on criminal prosecutions for cases of spousal rape. The concept of spousal rape is not well understood and authorities often do not consider it a crime, the report said.

Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, officials rarely enforced the law's obligation, according to the report.

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