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Opinion / Editorial

But who will remain small?!

But who will remain small?!

In Southeast Europe, there are many individuals, associations, non-governmental organizations, parties connected or not with the respective governments, who loudly express the desire that the country where they were born becomes as large as possible in terms of surface area and population. Just as Serbian extremists dream of a Greater Serbia, their Greek counterparts a Greater Greece, Romanians a Greater Romania, Hungarians a Greater Hungary, there are also Albanians who want a Greater Albania. Even the Moldavians are looking for a Greater Moldova, which goes all the way to the Carpathian Mountains.


All the states on this side of the Old Continent have from two to three to no more than ten million inhabitants, in a relatively limited territory. If everyone wants to become big, "giant", the question arises: but small, "dwarf", who will remain?!
The only thing that should not be overlooked is the provision of all rights, including property rights, of the ethnic minorities who live with the locals, in the respective states. Just as the Greek ethnic minority in our country is treated absolutely the same as the Albanians, so should the Chams in the neighboring country be treated. The example given by the Albanian state in this respect is worth applying by other countries of South-Eastern Europe. But, as we pointed out above, in South-Eastern Europe irredentists necessarily want to become big, to "grow". If we look at this issue in detail, we can smell that in these cases, certain forces, behind the scenes, incite and pit the small nations against each other. It is known that, if such a scenario occurs, the country that intends to annex the territories of another state must prepare not only for attack, but also for defense. But how ready are those who propagate irredentism to take up arms and think about the consequences?
The ultra-nationalist Romanians aim to annex Bukovina, Hercea, Bessarabia and Kadrilater (South Dobruja); a Greater Bulgaria means conflict with Romania, North Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and Serbia; Greater Serbia presupposes conflict with Albania, Kosovo, Croatia, Bosnia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, Greece and Romania; Greater Hungary means conflict with Romania, Ukraine, Slovakia, Austria and Croatia. These statements are not hypothetical, conjectural. All the more so that currently the power in Budapest is held by a government that openly talks about a Greater Hungary. In Belgrade, a President, an ally of Russia, is in command, who constantly keeps the ultranationalist discourse alive. In Sofia, the specter of Greater Bulgaria is so powerful that it has resulted in a diplomatic conflict with North Macedonia. Fortunately, in this part of the world, only the current system of alliances has made it possible to put some extremists in an iron cage, who they should not be allowed to come to light.


Sërbia e Madhe synon ribërjen e perandorisë së vjetër mesjetare, duke aneksuar Banatin rumun, siç sugjeron harta e Sërbisë së Madhe, e konturuar nga çetnikët më 1941.
Sërbia e Madhe (Velika Srbija), e ëndërruar nga ultranacionalistët sërbë, niset nga nostalgjia e Perandorisë Sërbe e shekullit XIV, që ka ekzistuar përpara se në atë zonë të shfaqej Perandoria Otomane. Sipas këtij vizioni, shteti sërb do të duhej të gllabëronte të gjitha krahinat e banuara nga pakica sërbe. Ideja fillestare e Lëvizjes së quajtur Panslave, ka qënë bashkimi nënjë shtet të vetëm i të gjithë sërbëve, por edhe i të gjithë territoreve që patën qënë të qeverisur ose të banuar nga sërbët, përfshi edhe territore që gjenden sot në përbërje të disa shteteve fqinj. Sipas ideologjisë frymëzuese të Sërbisë së Madhe, ky supershtet i ri duhej të rrokte pothuajse të gjithë territoret e ish-Jugosllavisë (Sërbi, Kosovë, Bosnjë, Maqedoni e Veriutdhe një pjesë e madhe e Kroacisë). Përjashtim do të bënin Sllovenia dhe pjesa perëndimore e Kroacisë. Historiani Jozo Tomasheviç shkruan se, krahas territoreve të mësipërm, Sërbia e Madhe lakmon edhe pjesë të Shqipërisë, Bullgarisë, Hungarisë dhe Rumanisë (krejt Banatin).
Irredentistët bullgarë ëndërrojnë ringjalljen e Caratit të Ferdinandit që ka ekzistuar para disfatës që pësuan Fuqitë Qëndrore në Luftën e Parë Botërore, me krejt Deltën e Danubit, Dobruxhën, deri në Buçag (që sot është pjesë e Ukrainës), Greqinë Veriore deri në Detin Egje dhe tërë Rumelinë (territori turk deri në periferi të Stambollit).
Një hartë e irredentistëve bullgarë e vitit 1991 parashikon marrjen nga Bullgaria të disa territoreve të Rumanisë, Turqisë, Ukrainës dhe të krejt Maqedonisë së Veriut. Ky plan lidhet me perandoritë bullgare të Mesjetës, kur carët bullgarë, që patën ardhur nga Azia Qëndrore, ia dolën mbanë t’i mposhtnin bizantinët dhe të krijonin shtetin e tyre. Ambicjet arritën deri në majë të kupolës drejtuese kur cari Ferdinand, në fillimvitet 1900 e futi Bullgarinë në të dyja luftrat ballkanikee fill paskëtaj në Luftën e Parë Botërore. Ideja e irredentistëve bullgarë vazhdon të spekulohet edhe sot politikisht nga parti dhe politikanë, që janë të lidhur me Rusinë.Në emër të kësaj hije nostalgjike, Bullgaria ishte shteti i parë që u ngut në vitin 1992 të njihte shkëputjen nga Jugosllavia të Maqedonisë, por më pas iu kundërvu për një kohë të gjatë hyrjes së këtij vendi në Bashkimin Evropian duke nxjerrë llojlloj pretekstesh.


Greater Hungary is also one of the most dangerous utopias in Southeast Europe. Basically, it is about the territories of the old Hungarian kingdom of the period of the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy. The Hungarians reclaim large parts of Slovakia, the subcarpathian area of ??Ukraine, a small part of Austria, almost all of Croatia and especially the "jewel of the Crown", i.e. all of Transylvania, including the Banat, up to the Carpathian Mountains.
In the event that in Serbia and Bulgaria the political power still reserves to speak publicly about the respective territorial greeds, Budapest speaks openly and takes concrete steps in this direction. In Romania, Slovakia. Serbia and Ukraine finance various programs for the benefit of ethnic Hungarians. In Transylvania, taking advantage of the weaknesses and corruption of the administrative apparatus and the Romanian judiciary, the descendants of the Hungarian counts were continuously acquiring vast land holdings and buildings. There are even sports clubs subsidized by the Hungarian state. Meanwhile, the Hungarian ethnic minority in Romania is not only not discriminated against, but enjoys all the rights without any restrictions, just like the Romanians. Even the UDMR, the political formation created on the basis of ethnic criteria, has continuously co-governed Romania.
The government of Budapest, which has not stopped cynically asking for Hungary to have access to the sea, has caused the strong reaction of Zagreb, which has rejected Hungarian claims against Croatia and has emphasized that the Croatian nation is early in the lands where it lives .


The Slovak government also has ongoing clashes with the irredentist government in Budapest and has drawn attention to stop secretly buying land in Slovakia.
So irredentism, in whatever form it appears, poses a danger to the stability and sovereignty of South-Eastern Europe and beyond. As such, it should be fought and removed from political life and influence over it.