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Opinion / Editorial

Energy crisis and a proposal for the prime minister

Energy crisis and a proposal for the prime minister

Mr. Prime Minister! I am Stavri Vangjeli, 73 years old, by profession electrical engineer with 40 years of work in the Albanian Power System. For the last 10 years I have worked in the System Operation Center (Tirana) where the main direction was the smooth running of the Drini cascade that covered almost 100% of the country's electricity supply. Your announcement in the news of 03.10.2021 about the energy crisis in the world, where in our country it translates mainly into an electric power crisis or more precisely into a hydroelectric energy crisis! The news stressed that this crisis is expected to continue throughout the first 6 months of 2022 and this when the quota in Fierza on October 1 is quite minimal: H = 271M. This quota as never before in the 50 years of operation of the HPP. Thinking that there are 8 more months of crisis ahead (forecasting) is a big problem, very serious. I remember that in the 10-year period 2005-2015 it was a dry year without rain when during the months August-December-January there was no rain and the rain came in the middle of January! Albanians that year went crazy from the noise of individual generators in every city street! The above predictive conclusion is drawn: 2021 to be the first year, a major power crisis on a deep hydrotechnical scale that will be held as a very serious case in history! The second line of the Interconnection Tirana - Podgorica, as well as the Tirana - Pristina are the rescuers who make the generators not return to the road, despite the costs of energy purchases! As far as I remember only in 4-6 years in Albania we have wet weather and 1 time in 8-10 years (on average we have a dry year and 1 time in about 20 years we have a very dry year)! I remember that in the 10-year period 2005-2015 it was a dry year without rain when during the months August-December-January there was no rain and the rain came in the middle of January! Albanians that year went crazy from the noise of individual generators in every city street! The above predictive conclusion is drawn: 2021 to be the first year, a major power crisis on a deep hydrotechnical scale that will be held as a very serious case in history! The second line of the Interconnection Tirana - Podgorica, as well as the Tirana - Pristina are the rescuers who make the generators not return to the road, despite the costs of energy purchases! As far as I remember only in 4-6 years in Albania we have wet weather and 1 time in 8-10 years (on average we have a dry year and 1 time in about 20 years we have a very dry year)! I remember that in the 10-year period 2005-2015 it was a dry year without rain when during the months August-December-January there was no rain and the rain came in the middle of January! Albanians that year went crazy from the noise of individual generators in every city street! The above predictive conclusion is drawn: 2021 to be the first year, a major power crisis on a deep hydrotechnical scale that will be held as a very serious case in history! The second line of the Interconnection Tirana - Podgorica, as well as the Tirana - Pristina are the rescuers who make the generators not return to the road, despite the costs of energy purchases! As far as I remember only in 4-6 years in Albania we have wet weather and 1 time in 8-10 years (on average we have a dry year and 1 time in about 20 years we have a very dry year)!

Mr. Prime Minister!

My experience is very modest, but at the beginning of my pension I raised in the periodical press the necessity of HEC - SKAVICË S-485 as a strategic investment evaluated since the '60s by the leaders of the Albanian hydropower! The second article treated HEC Skavica as a "shepherd" of the (Drini cascade) herd. The 6th article in the periodical congratulated the strategic news that you gave in April 2020 where it was returned from Washington that the company BECHTEL took over the investment of Hec Skavica with the quota of 443m dam. Since we are here we need: Study and Geodetic works, the project should be done for the quota S-485M of the dam, not to lose perspective. Later, for example, during the years 2030-2040, the need may arise for additional works, of raising the dam in this quota!

Z. kryeministër arsyeja që po ju shkruaj është zgjidhje teknike (e shoqëruar me zgjidhje politike) për të prodhuar energji nga Kaskada e Drinit. Prodhimi maksimal i mundshëm!

Propozimi: Të shfrytëzohet uji i Liqenit të Ohrit duke e ulur kuotën e tij normale në 1.0M.

Problemi teknik: Duke ulur 1M nivelin e liqenit, nuk bëhet hataja; do të merren rreth 300 milionë M3 ujë me të cilat kaskada (duke lënë jashtë shifrave HeC-et maqedonase dhe HeC-et Ashtat normalisht do prodhonte rreth 300 milionë Këh, por me kuotën e Fierzës (e cila do 2/3 fishin e ujit) kaskada prodhon jo më pak se 220 milionë Këh! Si do te realizohet kjo? Ka dy mënyra për zgjidhje urgjente! Duke thelluar daljen në Strugë në rreth 2M me një vepër hidroteknike po atë për zgjidhje afatgjatë. Duke instaluar një “HIDROVOR”, pra duke e ngritur ujin jo më shumë se 1M lartësi. Energjia e konsumuar është shumë e vogël në krahasim me prodhimin e kaskadës. Hesapi i trashë:- harxhoj energji per 1M ujë dhe prodhoj energji nga rreth 250M rënie uji! Është e qartë që problem ndërshtetëror është pika e 1-rë dhe e dyta:- ndoshta leja nga Unesco – si Park i listuar prej tij. Ndoshta ky problem do jetë problem i parë i zgjidhjes së Ballkanit të Hapur!

NOTE: For the perspective and complete solution of the Drini Maximum Water Basin I have completed a (preliminary) project-idea for the Drini water system. Suffice it to point out that the beginnings of the water of Devoll (hence the lake Prespa of Ohrid) are the Gramoz (Erseka) mountains; the upper course of the Shkumbin River can be introduced, etc. Construction of a small HPP, which may be Unique in the world (HPP in Drilon or St. Naun) with natural water pipeline, etc. Mr. Prime Minister, 8 months are before the crisis! Some relief, energy purchase savings of the crisis is of great interest! The above solution will be dictated by time. This year will apparently be the driest of the 50-year period of the energy system. I think that the state should stay closer to the ELECTRIC POWER system and OSHE. Thank you for the evaluations you will make.