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Opinion / Editorial

Historical evidence for the symbols of the wars of freedom and independence

Historical evidence for the symbols of the wars of freedom and independence

It is a new phenomenon that the Martyrs' Organization of Albania is promoting the second volume "Martyrs at the roots of the Albanian nation", a book that talks about the heroism of the nation's martyrs in its historical journey. The first volume published in 2021 begins with the first martyr in history, Maro Kondi of 1847, recognized by legal acts, and which then begins a number of many martyrs in the continuous efforts, wars and uprisings of the Albanian people for freedom and independence. The first volume features: Rrapo Hekali, Zenel Gjonleka, the Bilbilenje detachment with Bilal Shakon, Mic Sokoli, Sulejman Vokshi, Spiro Bellkameni, the 280 martyrs of the Great Highland Uprising, Kadri Gjata, the 109 martyrs of the Battle of the River, Ramadan Zaskovi , Çerçiz Topulli, Dede Gjon Luli, Isa Buletini, Atë Stath Melani, Salam Musa Salaria, Elez Isufi, Luigj Gurakuqi, Bajram Curri, Shtjefën Gjeçovi and Hasan Prishtina. The second volume, published in November 2023, starts with Oso Kuka and his brave men, Naum Veqilharxhi, Ymer Prizreni, the Greek Massacre of Homovo, Hoxhë Hasan Moglica, Themistofokli Gërmenji, Avni Rustemi, Azem Galica and Musa Fratari. Based on the documentation of the Albanian state from the Tanzimat Uprisings and until April 7, 1939, we have about 1320 martyrs declared in Albania by legal acts. The novelty of this book is that it provides a lot of information about each martyr, starting from the place of birth, parents, schools, fights, battles, fighters with whom he was martyred, honors, evaluations, as well as the legal act of declaring him a martyr of the Motherland. A few days ago, I published an article in "Sot" newspaper entitled "Migjeni, Martyr of the Motherland" and when acquaintances, friends and colleagues call me and they are surprised that Migjeni is a martyr of the Motherland, since 1969. What about Migjeni we also have many other martyrs such as Çajupi, Vaso Pasha, Petro Nini Luarasi, Papa Kristo Negovani, etc., a great density of activity in their lives from the homeland. For all these and others, the Martyrs' Organizations in this volume and in the cycle of the following volumes will fully reflect the entire activity of the martyrs who fought for freedom and independence. Compared to the volume of the "Unextinguished Stars" series, the book "Martyrs at the Roots of the Albanian Nation" is fuller, more life-giving, for the activity of the martyr and his comrades who fell for an ideal. In the event that the heroic act of the martyr's fall is given in the book "Unextinguished Star", and it is said that he fell together with others, in these volumes all the martyrs who fell together with the hero are given. Likewise, all the honors and evaluations for the martyr are written, which are not described in the book "Unextinguished Star". Despite the fact that the series "Yje te pashuar" was written for the martyrs of LANÇ, this book reflects all the martyrs of the Motherland, almost in two centuries. More specifically with an example: Petro Nini Luarasi, declared a martyr in 1969, in the Pedagogical Dictionary in 1983, FESH in 1985 and FESH in 2008, does not appear as a martyr of the Motherland. So are many great patriots and patriots declared martyrs, but that is not reflected. The book in question provides a complete reflection of the entire activity of the martyr, or the hero, giving us a complete picture of his figure. The Academy of Sciences has established a central commission for the preparation of the Albanian Encyclopedia within a period of five years. This is very good news that the encyclopedia will be prepared with extensive cooperation with the achievements of scientific studies and the standards of the time. What is important is the reflection of the voices and figures of the martyrs, since in the first encyclopedia they are in one form and in the second encyclopedia they appear in another form. We are talking about voices related to the Organization of Martyrs as martyrs, heroes, organization of martyrs, massacres committed by invaders, books of martyrs, date of martyrs, books of LANÇ, as well as of their press bodies, magazines, newspapers, etc. In the period 1945-1990, as a sign of respect for patriotic figures who have contributed visibly to the freedom and independence of the country, many old patriots were commemorated with greatness. The authorities in the center and base, some of the old patriots of Albania have declared them martyrs of the motherland, who have been honored and are honored by the Albanian people. The remains of some of them were brought to Albania and placed, according to the law, in the cemeteries of the martyrs of the districts, or in visible places specially erected for them. Such martyrs are: Andon Zako Çajupi, Spiro Bellkameni, Isa Boletini, Bajram Curri, Hasan Prishtina, Koto Hoxhi, Milosh Gjergj Nikolla (Migjeni), Riza Cerova, Mihal Grameno, Luigj Gurakuqi, Sali Nivica, etc., as in the encyclopedia first and second, for these martyrs, it is not said that they are proclaimed "martyrs of the motherland", but also for placing their names on institutions, streets, schools, or for the publications made for them. The published dictionaries do not mention the martyrs of independence, the First World War, the 1920 Vlora War, the 1920 Koplik War and the 1921 Dibra War, etc. In the 1985 dictionary, the book "Yje te pashuar", a serial publication with many volumes dedicated to the life, work and heroism of the LANÇ martyrs, is mentioned. The books in FESH from 1985 are a separate entry, while this entry does not appear in the 2009 edition. As for the magazine "Immortality", an organ of the Organization of Martyrs published in 1996, in the 2009 dictionary, it is not mentioned as sound. For all the heroes of the people who fell in LANÇ, the word "martyr" does not appear, while for Heroina e Populli Ylbere Bylykbashi, there is no word written about her, in both encyclopedic editions. As for the National Organization for the Martyrs of LANÇ and other Martyrs of the Motherland, created on October 6, 1995, recognized by law, it was not reflected in the dictionary of 2009, as a separate voice, but also for the leaders of the organization . In the 1985 and 2009 dictionaries, only the Borova and February 4 massacres took place. While for other massacres committed by the conquerors during the centuries-old history, they find no reflection. These and others are best fulfilled by this book. In the scientific session we organized about the symbols of LANÇ in Tirana, in the article I published, I received criticism from various intellectuals that we say "Martyrs of LANÇ and other Martyrs of the Motherland", that this is where the division begins, they wrote to me, but they did not know that after this war, the honoring of the martyrs by the Albanian state began. The initiative taken by the Organization of Martyrs to publish this series in many volumes is an initiative that should be congratulated and encouraged. Congratulations and success in the next editions.