BREAKING NEWS

Strong developments within SPAK, the prosecutors extend the investigation deadlines for Arben Ahmetaj by 3 months and send summons to the oligarch who is accused of money laundering

Strong developments within SPAK, the prosecutors extend the investigation
x
BREAKING NEWS

Spartak Ngjela reveals the "bombastic" behind-the-scenes: This is why the divorce of Ilir Meta and Monika Kryemadhi cannot save them from the shackles and the strong reason that DASH senior official Richard Nephew avoided meetings in Tirana with the 'R...

Spartak Ngjela reveals the "bombastic" behind-the-scenes: This is why
x
BREAKING NEWS

Sali Berisha did not have a mandate according to the Constitution, the head of the DP makes way for Argita and prepares to crown his daughter on the throne with the July 12 protest, Gaz Bardhi ends up as a "squeezed lemon"

Sali Berisha did not have a mandate according to the Constitution, the head of
x
BREAKING NEWS

The testimony in SPAK that sinks Niko Pelesh for his connections with Klodian Zoto is revealed, the former director of Korça Waterworks reveals it before special prosecutors

The testimony in SPAK that sinks Niko Pelesh for his connections with Klodian
x
BREAKING NEWS

The mandate for deputy of Sali Berisha in the "string of thread", there will be a clash for Article 71 of the Constitution, this is who has the "fate" of the "non-woman" in his hands, say the jurists

The mandate for deputy of Sali Berisha in the "string of thread",
x
BREAKING NEWS

Frrok Çupi brings out the black "CV" of Sali Berisha in 30 years, from his collaboration with the leader of Serbia, the attacks on the US embassy in Tirana, the coup d'état in '98, the killing of 4 protesters on January 21, to the names of terrorists w...

Frrok Çupi brings out the black "CV" of Sali Berisha in 30
x
BREAKING NEWS

The Swiss authorities reveal the name of the businessman who became a guarantor for Arben Ahmetaj in Switzerland, how he hired the woman with a salary of 9,000 francs per month, details from the investigation file are revealed

The Swiss authorities reveal the name of the businessman who became a guarantor
x
BREAKING NEWS

Ilir Demalia reveals the strong behind-the-scenes: Ilir Meta and Sali Berisha are doing everything to save their property and not punish their family, here is the evidence that Altin Dumani can use to put them behind bars

Ilir Demalia reveals the strong behind-the-scenes: Ilir Meta and Sali Berisha
x

Ekonomia

The latest information on pensions, the expert reveals the figure that will make a big difference to pensioners, here are the points that will be changed to increase the benefits for those who receive less

The latest information on pensions, the expert reveals the figure that will make

The reform of the pension scheme is under revision in order to establish an approach which will square the differences of the annual indexation of pensions. The well-known expert, Kujtim Hoxha, has provided all the latest information on the increase in pensions, but also all the problems that must be fixed in order to increase the benefits for those who receive less. He said that 115,000 files are in Courts of all levels, where social security accounts for the most part. According to him, precisely because of the shortcomings of the former administration, they are wandering around the courts today.

- Mr. Hoxha, the IMF, the World Bank and interest groups are discussing the reform of the pension scheme. As an expert, why do you think there should be a change in this scheme and what have these international organizations recommended?

Recently, with the law 104/2014, an initiative was made, with the recommendation of the World Bank and the IMF, to change the social security scheme, to close that gap between income and expenses. Although 10 years have passed and in the social insurance scheme, there has been interference in every part of it, so it can no longer be called law 7703 because with several laws in succession, the last one in 2014, there is interference in every article of to her that it is no longer the basic law.

-Do you think a new law should be built?

A new law with a concept adapting to these interests and the demands of the World Bank and the IMF. Currently, the social security scheme, referring to the annual report of 2023, has a deficit of 146 million euros. It should be changed by improving certain articles of this law, in order to improve the income and interests of the citizens.

- The Social Security Scheme, how is it currently, what does the statistical report show?

However the law is constructed, it must be in accordance with Article 59, which deals with seniority contributions and social security contributions after January 1, 1994. Each must have its own base date, its own contribution history. to social security and on its basis, if they have this basic date safe and uncontested, then the possibility will be created to make adjustments in order to solve certain problems. It is very easy to highlight the problems that the social security scheme has and the flaws found in this scheme. And if I refer to improving these defects that have been found in this scheme, of course there is a way to solve them only if there is will, commitment and desire from those who deal with the compilation of this Social Security scheme.

-How much does an old-age pension result in both rural and urban areas?

Currently, the social security scheme results in 11,051 ALL in rural areas for old-age pensions. In urban areas, the average old-age pension is ALL 18,341. Currently social security should change the regulation of the law in several directions. First, the seniority of the work, which has many flaws in the system by introducing closed enterprises in the former agricultural cooperatives.

-How many files are currently in the Court that do not recognize the years of work?

115,000 files are in Courts of all levels, where the social security accounts for the most part. Precisely because of the shortcomings of the former administration, they are wandering around the courts today. Missing in the payment list of entities that have contributed but do not appear in the payment list. This is serious because every person when it is their turn and the opportunity to benefit from social security they will not find themselves there. Today, he does not know what is being played.

-How many people have paid contributions to the scheme of self-employed in agriculture but have not found the name? When is this process expected to be completed when some funds have already been given for this?

26 thousand people have contributed as farmers in agriculture and today they don't have a name. Although 11.5 million euros have been given by the World Bank and the Albanian government to release these data, they have not been released yet.

- This happened only to the employees of the former cooperatives or even the administration? What is happening when this data is expected to be released?

There are soldiers, there are policemen who, after 2003-2012, do not have their names on the bordero. And when they apply for a pension, they reply to the citizen who goes and finds the border. This is nonsense. It is established that ISSH has a big flaw, where all those people who benefit from social insurance, for maternity leave, for temporary disability for 14 days, which is the obligation of ISSH to pay with insurance funds, they did not put them on basic dates. In Article 8 of the ISSH it is provided and it is stated that the period of protection from the ISSH is the period that the person begins to benefit from, which is called working seniority, such as temporary disability, assistance, maternity leave, etc. By not throwing them away and when a few years pass, you have them in certificates but you don't have them in basic dates. This includes not only the categories we mentioned, but also deputies, the former president of the Skrapar court, he retired in Durrës two years ago and they told him you don't have a border, and when there were other alternatives; The General Directorate of Customs has several structures of its own, such as Pogradeci, as well as several others in Customs support groups, which have other alternatives, how can I find these borderos, since they have the appointment and decision of salaries and as such it is not necessary to parade them through the courts. If all of these factors and flaws are fixed, I say Social Security will move forward.

-Çfarë parashikohet me pensionet e invaliditetit?

Pensionet e invaliditeti me ligjin e fundit, 104/2014 parashikon që të përfitojë individi duhet të plotësojë kushtet mjekësore dhe të ketë vite kontributive, të cilat janë të barabarta me diferencën e moshës që bëhet i paaftë për punë, -20 x 3/4 që i bie p.sh.: një 50-vjeçar - 20, mbetet 30. Ku ¾ i bie që të ketë 22.5 vite kontribute. Por kanë vënë një artificë, e cila është se 5 vitet e fundit, të ketë të paktën 1 vit punë.

-Me lëvizjen demografike që ka Shqipëria, sa e nevojshme është një reformim i skemës së pensioneve?

Njerëzit e sidomos  e moshës sa më të moshuar të jenë, më pak është mundësia për të gjetur veten në punë , e si e tillë kjo kategori mbetet e papunë. Por vetë mosha krijon probleme shëndetësore dhe ekziston mundësia që të bëhet i papunë afër moshës së daljes në pension. Por këto nuk e përfitojnë meqë nuk kanë 1 vit punë. Kjo është dhe anti-kushtetuese e anti-ligjore sepse në ligjin bazë të sigurimeve shoqërore thuhet se kontributet e sigurimeve shoqërore, vlejnë jo vetëm për pension pleqërie por edhe për pension invaliditeti, pension familjar, asistenca dhe paaftësia e përkohshme e ndërkohë i kërkon që të ketë dhe 5 vite punë, po ato kontribute që ka bërë qytetari për 30 vite përpara, si nuk i njeh vetëm se nuk ka këto të tjerat. Duhet rregulluar ky ligj pasi konstatoj se mbi bazën e informacionit që kam unë, i kanë dhe këto se njerëzit paraqiten nëpër sportele për të marrë shërbimin dhe nuk e dinë, ndodh që paraqiten aty por nuk plotësojnë kushtin. Në rang republike, shkojnë rreth 20 mijë persona në vit ku megjithëse plotësojnë kushtet mjekësore por vetëm për këtë shkak nuk përfiton. Kanë arritur deri atje sa kanë qenë aq të sëmurë sa nuk kanë mundur dot as për të aplikuar pasi kanë ndërruar jetë me sëmundje të liga.

-Mendoni se vetëm që të ketë rregullime ligjore, por cilat janë objektivat sipas jush?

Nëse do të bëjmë këto objektiva për të rregulluar këto defekte dhe të ndërojmë një ligj të ri, jo si ky. Në funksion të kujt? Për rritjes së pensioneve, përmisimit të të ardhurave të qytetarëve apo të mbushjes së kësaj grope në kurriz të shqiptarëve. Kjo duhet ndarë.

-A ka Shqipëria kapacitete financiare, sa para i nevojiten skemës së pensioneve, po burime njerëzore?

Kjo gropë që pretendohet, megjithëse që viti më i suksesshëm, që 146.410 euro, kjo gropë vetëm në një vit. Pra, për të rregulluar këtë gropë dhe me të drejtë për personat që do të realizohet me burimet njerëzore ka disa rrugë. Sot ekzistojnë 143.958 dhe 21.614  nga ndërmarrjet buxhetore. Duhet të shikohet raporti i numrit të punonjësve të administratës me raportin e pjesës tjetër të qytetarëve që iu shërbejnë. Ky raport në vendet e zhvilluara është 2-3%, por jo 20% si në rastin e vendit tonë. Nëse nuk e shikojnë me këtë sy, pensionistët presin kot.

- How many real opportunities does Albania have to increase pensions, where from July 1, Prime Minister Edi Rama has declared that there will be a strong increase in salaries up to 900 euros, but the important thing is the increase in pensions...

Since 1993 when this scheme started, it has increased by 25%, then by 15%, by 21%, by 12%, 12%, 23%, 10%, 17%, 8%, 10%, 10% , 8%, 10%, 5%, 8%, the year 2015-2016 with 1.4%, 1.6%, 3% and years was with 8.6% that had the highest level. What do you mean there will be a boom in pensions? If there will be 30%-40%, how much will this boom be? We will have an average salary, because this is how the scheme is built where the president's salary is determined, 93% of the president's salary is taken by the prime minister and then it comes down to the pyramid where today the MPs have a salary of 310 thousand ALL. They had 1700 salary, it has almost increased more than 40%. How long will this boom be? With 86 thousand lek, will they make 100? You don't play with words and numbers where you get so much and you will get so much. Will there be any such figures? If so, congratulations.

-How did they consider the vital minimum, how important is its definition?

The need has come where, more than ever, the vital minimum must be defined, while the others are related to each other, where if you make a mistake in one place, you have lost the other parts. Therefore, the previous social security law has also failed because what was taken was taken politically. In this scheme, all the actors should be taken as these are the deadlines, where a government is changed today and another one comes tomorrow, but the citizens should have stability in what they contribute and have a guarantee in what they throw today and if they will receive it tomorrow returned to service or not.

Most read