BREAKING NEWS

5 clans rise up in PD to "eat the head" of Sali Berisha, here's who will give him the final blow after June 23, the latest behind the scenes from the Slovak Republic are revealed

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BREAKING NEWS

The decision of the Home Office to declare Sali Berisha "non-grata" based on facts and not words, every evidence against the DP leader since 1996 was investigated and documented, the lawyer from London reveals details from the file of the British

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BREAKING NEWS

Lulzim Basha reveals the shocking details of the secret agreement between Edi Rama and Sali Berisha, that's why Belinda Balluku was also part of the bargain for getting the stamp of the DP

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BREAKING NEWS

The connection of Belinda Balluku and the fat payments for the incinerators, how KLSH revealed the abuses of the Minister of Infrastructure and Energy, here are the details from the report

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BREAKING NEWS

Another minister of Rama falls into the net of justice, SPAK launches investigations into Ogerta Manastirliu for the theft of pandemic funds, here is what the file contains

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BREAKING NEWS

Sali Berisha is corrupt, connected to criminal gangs and with characters convicted of drugs and money laundering, involved in affairs with Fazli? and use of power to enrich his children, "non-women" is not removed, London seals his fate the head of the DP

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BREAKING NEWS

Sali Berisha remains a "non-woman" in Great Britain, the foreign media accuse her of being corrupt and mention the file that SPAK is investigating that she favored her son-in-law when he was prime minister, the socialists also react

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BREAKING NEWS

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Ekonomia

Property revaluation from 15% tax to 3 percent positive, here are the components that the government should consider and who are the categories that benefit from this initiative, economic expert Kujtim Hoxha breaks down the "new law"

Property revaluation from 15% tax to 3 percent positive, here are the components

Today, every property sale is taxed at 15%, on the difference between the first price and the value at which it is sold. So if a property purchased or registered at a price of 120,000 euros, is sold for 150,000 euros for the difference of 30,000 euros, 15% tax or 4,500 euros is paid. This tax level says the economy expert, Kujtim Hoxha during an interview for the "SOT" newspaper, apart from being a heavy burden for those who have a property and want to sell it, on the other hand it has encouraged informality. According to him, the initiative for the revaluation of properties from 15% tax to 3 percent positive, as it also reveals the components that the government should take into account and the categories that benefit from this initiative. To solve this problem, governments have done several revaluations of properties, bringing them closer to market value. In this way, in case of sale, the difference between the revalued price and the sale price will not have a big difference. But according to the expert, the real estate market cannot be regulated by revaluation campaigns, despite the positive effect they have.

- Mr. Hoxha, the majority is getting ready for another revaluation of properties in the country. The legal initiative of SP deputy Blerina Gjylameti for the revaluation of real estate has been filed in the Parliament. For the revaluation of real estate, it is proposed that the tax be 3%, from the 15% that is currently paid if you sell the property. What are the main benefits of a property revaluation process for a country?

The sale of properties has reached an impasse where if you look at the new references that have come out, the properties are not selling. There is a gap between the seller and the buyer. This is seen in the income of the purchase of properties, since until these moments with the old references there was a calculation which was 15% of the real value of the property, deducting the construction costs and the prices of the previous purchase. There are several cases of comparing how property was sold before and how it is being sold now. With the current references we have in the market, every seller should pay 15% more compared to what was before. This has also caused people not to buy property because this cost, if the property is to be bought, the higher value will be passed on to the buyer. The seller always expects to earn a share of expenses and other elements. Seeing that there is no progress between sales and purchases, to fill the state coffers, which is predicted to be filled by the sale of properties in 2024, 15% has been deemed reasonable by the policy to return to the origin. Start the revaluation of properties again with 3%, returning to the real market. There are various discussions here, one of the discussions, which has been published in the press, where it is claimed that there should be a revaluation for the depreciation of the buildings. When the apartment is reassessed, the depreciation is also reassessed, where 1% is deducted for each year of age, but not more than 50%. There is a 30% option, but there is also a 50% option, but it is not yet known which way will be chosen. The introduction of depreciation also opens up many problems in the market and must be thought through because the re-appraisers, being technicians, are closer to reality and seeing the property in the country in terms of property maintenance and new investments that can be made in the residence, which which increases the value of the property, introducing comfort, buildings that are built with plastering but there are still brick buildings without plastering, the capot system also increases the value of the property. The construction industry paves the way for the sale and purchase of properties when they are attractive, because it cannot be understood how the state can allow some problems encountered in the sale and purchase of properties, such as: they are sold in the air, before the foundations have been laid. building, where the investor collects the money and the construction of the building begins with the money of the residents. This is not right because the one who builds must take into account that he must find a way to build, in many ways either with his own money or by taking a loan from the bank and as such the money will circulate naturally and it should not be an informal activity where citizens do not give the money without taking the apartment, because when the construction of the building has not yet started, there is no certainty if I will get the apartment, and then bigger problems arise, ending up in court. And in the case when the builder does not have the opportunity to build the money, he enters into a monetary crisis and cannot complete the construction of the building, not even giving the apartment to the citizens who have given a down payment. therefore,Blerina Gjylameti should deal with this by establishing a law to stop speculators at the expense of citizens, then the 5% is a political issue, where how much money will I put into the state coffers. This is the fundamental problem and Gjylameti throws it like a check in the Parliament because she doesn't even see the market, but her request is wrong in this area. If there will be a legality in the purchase of properties, citizens will have an easier time than buying and selling lowers the market value, as the supply-demand ratio comes to light.

-Si ndikon një rivlerësim i pasurive të paluajtshme në tregun e pronave të paluajtshme dhe në ekonominë në përgjithësi?

Në ekonominë e vendit do te ketë më gjallësi, shit-blerja do të ketë një treg më atraktiv e si të tillë do të ketë ulje të çmimeve të apartamenteve. Nëse vihet vlera e rivlerësimit të pronës, 3% si dikur, do shiten më shumë prona në vlerë reale e jo në mënyrë artificiale. Edhe kur shteti vihet si rregullator me ligje, administratorët gjejnë shtigje për të shitur apartamentet me referencë duke e shitur apartamentin në vlerën e caktuar që ka deklaruar metër katrorin. Vetëm pjesën e dukshme që është në kontroll nga shteti apo banka e shet me referencë nëpërmjet pagesave që kalohen në bankë e ndërsa pjesën tjetër të vlerës së apartamentin e jep dorazi duke shmangur detyrimet që ka ndaj shtetit. Po të jetë një shtet serioz këto gjëra duhet t’i kontrollojë.

-Cilat janë disa nga sfidat kryesore që mund të hasë një proces i rivlerësimit të pronave dhe si mund të adresohen ato?

Shtetit duhet të heq referencën dhe të vendos kontroll ndaj administratorit kur bëhet shitja e pronës ndaj qytetarit. Duke hequr barrierat burokratike në çdo zbatim të ligjit, merr frymëmarrje ekonomia dhe rriten të ardhurat. E kjo gjë do iu shërbej dhe qytetarëve ku do të nxiten për të blerë apartamente dhe të lëvrojë ky lloj tregu. Me rrogat aktuale që janë në Shqipëri nuk e blen dot një apartament, pasi vlerat janë të papërballueshme, pa llogaritur dhe kostot dhe shpenzimet e tjera mujore, ndaj shteti duhet të jetë rregullator.

-Si do të ndikojë ndryshimi i taksës mbi shitjen e pasurive të paluajtshme në sjelljen e investitorëve dhe pronarëve të pronave të paluajtshme?

Duke vënë barrierat, edhe nëse vjen një investitor perëndimor në vendin tonë që do të punojë apo të prodhojë nëpërmjet biznesit, nuk do ta blejë me çmimin që pretendojnë se janë të lira pasuritë e paluajtshme në Shqipëri. Po të shohësh çmimet e pasurive të paluajtshme në vendet rajonale, si në Itali, Greqi apo dhe në Ballkan, janë edhe më lirë sesa në Shqipëri. Me ligjet apo politikat fiskalet që nxjerr shteti e duke vënë taksa të larta nuk vijnë investitorët e huaj të hapin biznese në Shqipëri, pasi shkojnë drejt falimentimit në këtë mënyrë.

-Cilat janë ndryshimet kryesore ligjore që duhet të aplikohen për të mbështetur një proces të suksesshëm të rivlerësimit të pronave?

Janë praktikat të cilat i kemi ndryshuar. Më parë kemi patur tre ligje, njëra pas tjetrës, 1%, 2% dhe 3%, e nëse sot e në vijim përdoret për rivlerësim një nga këto vlera përqindje është e sigurtë që do të rifillojë shitja e apartamenteve. Në këtë mënyrë, do të jetë e suksesshme edhe metoda e rivlerësimit të pronave.

-Si mund të përdoret teknologjia e informacionit dhe e komunikimit për të lehtësuar procesin e rivlerësimit të pronave?

Technicians can get real information through averaging that is done in different areas of the capital and other cities in the country to extract the data. At the same time, the appraiser looks at the field and how the property was built, what is the current condition of the property. This method is very reliable and is used by individuals who have efficiency and experience in this field.

-What are the best experiences and lessons learned from countries that have undertaken similar property revaluation processes?

These are in all in all countries where property investments are applied. Previously, we only had properties with surface units. We had a worthless title deed. We are now at the stage where the apartments that have been purchased are at market value with a contract of sale, while inherited properties with no value have another technique that is taken into account with the first law of revaluation, where the cost of construction and money inflation are taken into account in different periods of time, before 94.

TAX ON THE SALE OF PROPERTY

Initial value 120 thousand euros

Value after sale 150 thousand euros

Tax 30,000*15%=4,500 euros

TAX AFTER PROPERTY REVALUATION

Initial value 120 thousand euros

Value after revaluation 150 thousand euros

Tax 30,000*3%= 900 euros

Interviewed by: Xhoana Vrani?i