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Ekonomia

Pesticides in agriculture without control, KLSH raises the alarm and "shakes" the Ministry of Agriculture, the accusation that food and phytosanitary safety is at risk

Pesticides in agriculture without control, KLSH raises the alarm and

Food safety is put at risk by the lack of laboratories that should analyze pesticides, this is the conclusion drawn by KLSH in its report for the period January-September 2022. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development led by Frida Krifca has failed, as according to KLSH , has not designed a strategic monitoring program that controls Plant Protection Products such as chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The institutional capacities of MBZHR in the field of risk assessment and monitoring of waste, microbiological criteria and pollutants, as well as the administrative capacities of ISUV regarding inspections and controls, turned out to be limited. As a consequence, the implementation of food safety and phytosanitary standards is not fully implemented. Agricultural pharmacies quite legally market chemicals that are out of standard. Farmers are forced to spray their fruits and vegetables more than once with pesticides, since the medicine that is supposed to fight diseases does not give the immediate effect. These low-quality products put the health of the Albanian consumer at risk, because the institutions that must guarantee safe food do not analyze plant protection products such as pesticides, chemical fertilizers, fungicides and herbicides. Non-fulfillment by the Institute of Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine of the legal obligation to take samples and perform analyzes within the stipulated time, or not performing them at all (during the period 2018-2019), has influenced that the National Food Authority does not take measures in time to block the trading of PMBs that have turned out to be "Non-compliant", thus exposing the consumer to the risk of their use. But he also points out that the sector that should control chemical fertilizers is missing in MBRDH. This causes pesticides that have been removed from the EU OMB list to be introduced in Albania with another label, that of chemical fertilizers. In conditions where the protection of human health and the environment is guaranteed not only by the use of PMBs but also by fertilizer products for plant nutrition, which improve the physico-chemical qualities and increase soil fertility, the lack of a sector of dedicated to fertilizer products as well as by-laws in this field, has left out of attention,

Auditimi i KLSH, Agjencia për Zhvillim Bujqësor me mungesë efektivitetit

Ndërkohë, Kontrolli i Lartë i Shtetit ka publikuar më herët raportin e auditimit të performancës për efektivitetin e granteve në AZHBR, nga ku është arritur në përfundimin se AZHBR nuk ka arritur efektivitetin e synuar nga menaxhimi dhe administrimi i fondeve buxhetore për skemat kombëtare në Bujqësi. Në raportin e KLSH-së thuhet se fondet e dhëna për informim kanë rezultuar jo efektive, pasi mjetet e komunikimit kanë qenë të kufizuara, informacioni i pamjaftueshëm dhe jo cilësor, nuk është menaxhuar siç duhet.“Menaxhimi i burimeve njerëzore ka shfaqur probleme në strukturimin organik, formimin bazë, rekrutimin, trajnimin dhe vlerësimin e performancës etj; kanë rezultuar me mangësi vetë procedurat e subvencionimit për skemat kombëtare të analizuara në dinamikë për kushtet dhe kriteret e përfitimit, si dhe zbatimit të tyre nga ana e AZHBR; fondet e dhëna për informim kanë rezultuar jo efektive, pasi mjetet e komunikimit kanë qenë të kufizuara, informacioni i pamjaftueshëm dhe jo cilësor, nuk është menaxhuar siç duhet etj.; financimet për mbrojtjen e ullirit nuk janë efektive, pasi nuk janë zbatuar siç duhet procedurat e prokurimit, nuk është vepruar në përputhje me kuadrin rregullator, verifikimet dhe monitorimet për këtë skemë nga AZHBR kanë qenë me mangësi, duke rritur premisat për abuzime nga ana e institucionit; fondet e investimeve të përfituara nuk janë shfrytëzuar si duhet në aspektin ekonomik, për të gjeneruar më pas të ardhura të mjaftueshme për të mbështetur zhvillimin e zinxhirit të vlerës që të mund të zhvillojnë projekte të besueshme për financim; ka munguar sektori i monitorimit për një periudhë 4-vjeçare, e si pasojë edhe monitorimi i skemave kombëtare të vogla dhe investimeve, duke e ulur ndjeshëm efektivitetin e fondeve të dhëna për ato”, thuhet në raport.