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BREAKING NEWS

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BREAKING NEWS

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BREAKING NEWS

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BREAKING NEWS

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Ekonomia

The price of bread does not follow the downward trend of wheat on foreign exchanges/ the Association of Producers reveals why costs have increased by over 50%

The price of bread does not follow the downward trend of wheat on foreign

The selling price of bread is not expected to follow the downward trend of wheat prices on foreign exchanges.

Bread producers raise the concern of very high costs they are paying due to labor shortages.

Representatives of the Flour Processing Association claimed for Monitor that currently the selling price of flour for bread is 65 Lek per kg from 90 Lek per kg that was sold in the period after the Russia-Ukraine war.

The sale price of bread flour has decreased by about 27% compared to June last year. The reduction in the price of flour was influenced by the drop in the price of wheat on foreign exchanges.

Consumers are concerned that the drop in the price of flour for bread production must necessarily be reflected in the drop in the price of this product.

Bread producers claim that there can be no price drop, as the labor cost is too high. They add that the selling price of flour also remains high.

The chairman of the Association of Bread, Confectionery and Pastry Producers, Gëzim Peshkopia, told Monitor that in order to maintain the current workforce, bakeries across the country have increased wages for employees by 50 to 80% since September of last year. The lack of manpower, according to him, is more acute especially in the districts.

"There is a lack of specialists for dough processing in the country. Even though all bread producers have increased the wages of employees by over 50%, they fail to find specialists. It is very difficult to find specialists even with a monthly salary of 80,000 and 120,000 per month. While for other dough and pastry products, not including mass bread, the prices of ingredients, such as margarine, cottage cheese, sesame (for sesame bread), etc. remain very high. Even the cost of energy remains high for bakeries".

Sipas të dhënave të Shoqatës së Përpunuesve të Miellit fermerët prodhojnë 60,000 deri 70,000 ton grurë në vit për konsum, kurse sasie e importuar arrin 250,000 deri në 300,000 ton grurë në vit.

Si ka ndryshuar çmimi i bukës

Çmimi i bukës masive prej muajit mars 2022 vijon të jetë 100 lekë. Për periudhën 2021-2022 çmimi i bukës u rrit 3 herë radhazi me një rritje totale prej 71%.

Shtrenjtimi i parë nisi në muajin shtator të 2021 ku buka masive nga 70 lekë u rrit në 80 lekë. Rritja e çmimit 14% u ndikua nga shtrenjtimi i miellit të bukës nga 50 lekë në 55 lekë në muajin gusht (rritja 10%).

Në mesin e muajit mars 2022 çmimi i bukës shënoi sërish rritje prej 20%, duke arritur në 100 lekë për copë, për shkak të shtrenjtimit të miellit. Ndërsa në rrethet si Korça, Pogradeci, Gjirokastra apo Saranda për shkak të shtrenjtimit të kostove të transportit të miellit nga karburanti çmimi i bukës masive arriti në 120.

Në muajin mars 2022 çmimi i miellit arriti në 80-85 kg (çmimi u shtrenjtua 54% krahasuar me 2021).

Rritja e çmimit të miellit erdhi nga shtrenjtimi i grurit për shkak të mungesës të prodhimit dhe embargos së eksportit me Rusinë pas nisjes së luftës.

Në muajin tetor të 2021 çmimi i grurit të importit u rrit nga 220 në 360 USD për ton i zhdoganuar.

Nisja e luftës ekspozoi më tepër çmimin e bukës dhe grurit. Në muajin qershor 2022 në bursë çmimi i grurit arriti pikun prej 450 USD për ton.

Por në vend mungesa e fuqisë punëtore solli rritje tjetër të çmimit të bukës nga 1 prilli 2022. Rritja e çmimit të bukës masive 10 deri 20 lekë u reflektua në disa furra buke në qytetin e Beratit. Prodhuesit pohuan se janë të detyruar të rrisin çmimin, pasi kanë shtuar pagat e punonjësve.

Sipas të dhënave të Eurostat Shqipëria është shteti që ka peshën më të lartë të shpenzimeve për ushqime në raport me totalin, një tregues ky i nivelit të ulët të ardhurave, që dikton plotësimin e nevojave bazë, përpara se të fillojë të mendojë për shpenzime më pak bazike e deri të ato që nuk janë të domosdoshme, si p.sh argëtimi.

The average income per capita of Albanians is 31% of the average of the European Union, the lowest in Europe (behind us is Bosnia with 32%) According to Eurostat tables, expenses for food and alcoholic beverages account for 38% of the total for Albanian families , compared to 13%, which is the average of the 27 countries of the European Union, and 30.6%, which is the second country on the list after us, North Macedonia. /Monitor