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Ekonomia

Energy in 2023, business decreased consumption by 2.7%, households increased it  

Energy in 2023, business decreased consumption by 2.7%, households increased it

Albania turns out to be a net exporter of energy in 2023. Energy balance data for the past year published by INSTAT show that the production marked the value of 8,796 GWh from 7,003 GWh of energy produced in 2022, marking an increase in production by 25 ,6%.

"This production was realized by public hydropower plants to the extent of 58.2%, by private and concessionary hydropower plants to the extent of 40.8% and by other producers (Photovoltaics) to the extent of 1.0% of the net domestic production of electricity. The gross import of electricity (energy in receipt) reached the value of 1,922 GWh from 3,044 GWh that was a year ago, marking a decrease of 36.9%. The gross export of electricity (energy in delivery) reached the value of 2,842 GWh from 2,123 GWh, marking an increase of 33.9%", the publication states.

Official data shows that the hydropower plants in the Drinit cascade managed by the public generation company KESH are the main source of energy production in the country. Meanwhile, private producers in 2023 have also recorded an increase in relation to the previous year in terms of the amount of energy produced.

"Public hydropower plants, in 2023, produced 5,123 GWh from 3,859 GWh produced in 2022, thus marking an increase in production by 32.8%. Private and concessionary hydropower plants produced 3,582 GWh from 3,093 GWh produced a year ago, marking an increase in electricity production by 15.8%. The exchange of electricity (difference between export and gross import of energy), in 2023, has reached the positive value of 920 GWh. In 2022, the electricity exchange had a negative value of 921 GWh", the publication states.

Meanwhile, network losses have reached 1,655 GWh in 2023 from 1,658 GWh in 2022, marking a decrease of 0.2%. Transmission losses have increased by 10.1% and their weight in total network losses is 13.3%. Distribution losses account for a larger share, about 86.7% of network losses, and in 2023 they have decreased by 1.6%, compared to 2022

Businesses reduced consumption, households increased it

INSTAT data show that non-household consumers, which in this case are mainly businesses and institutions, have reduced energy consumption. While the complete opposite has happened with family members.

"The use of electricity by consumers, in 2023, reached the value of 6,221 GWh from 6,266 GWh that was in 2022. The use of electricity by household consumers increased by 1.4%, reaching the value of 3,117 GWh in 2023 from 3,075 GWh that was in 2022, while the use by non-family consumers decreased by 2.7%, reaching the value of 3,104 GWh in 2023 from 3,191 GWh that was a year ago", the publication states.

Earlier, the institutions have argued that this decrease in energy consumption by businesses is related to the installations of photovoltaics for self-production, but there is no accurate measurement of this impact given by these installations./ Monitor