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Ekonomia

The well-known economic expert shows the four simple ways that will solve every problem of pensioners in Albania, from increasing pensions to finding working years very easily

The well-known economic expert shows the four simple ways that will solve every

The well-known economic expert, Kujtim Hoxha, spoke about the pension agreement that our country signed with Italy. In an interview for the "SOT" newspaper, he says that Rama's statement from Italy that 421,000 Albanians will benefit from the agreement is a facade of the government and propaganda, as citizens still continue the ordeal of suffering through the courts to get their pension recognized. On the other hand, Hoxha considers non-declaration of employee insurance or fictitious salary declarations by the business itself as a problem for the citizen, as they will be recognized with less contribution value and consequently will be treated with a low pension. The expert also deals with the influencing factors that inhibit the regulation of the pension scheme where he appeals to the Social Insurance Institute as responsible for finding the years of work through the list of payments that have come out of the business slips.

- During the visit with the Albanians in Milan, Rama said that 421 thousand Albanians will benefit from the agreement with Italy, how do you comment on this statement or just a propaganda for the 2025 elections?

This statement is nothing but coming from a facade government and it does this only to attract the attention of the compatriots who are in trouble because they are called foreigners in their country and foreigners where they contribute and work. The act-agreement was created to help Albanians who have a part of the work period here in Albania. But the Albanian government with 1000 problems tries to prevent them and currently prevents them from getting a pension in their country of birth. For all the contributions that it is Rama or that it is not Rama, for the contributions that Albanian citizens have made in the Italian state or in other European countries, no one denies them the rights for the contributions that they have poured. The problem lies in that part that is claimed to be the union of the seniority of the periods that have contributed to Albania. Today in the Albanian courts there are about 115 thousand Albanians who do not find the right in their country and will no longer find their place in the countries of Europe, since the majority of the trials that continue their ordeal for several years, are with social security . Precisely because your majesty makes propaganda about this thing and does not recognize the insured years after issuing the law 169/2020 and no one listens to it and the statements are made only in the appearance that the pension years will be added to them and people do not have documents and go around the courts .

- Does the non-declaration of employee insurances from the business to ISSH affect the pension scheme as a disruptive factor?

Undoubtedly, as this has its own impact because people not having their contributions has a double effect as people who will receive pensions in Italy and other countries where agreements have been signed will also receive contributions. The part that Albanians have contributed here. But here is a point of PPP that continues the constant theft and goes so far as to steal the social security funds of the people who are in need. In our country, there are businesses that do not declare the real salaries of their employees, they have employees who still work in the dark, as was the case of the deputy of Lushnja, where they found employees who worked in the dark, father and son. The Labor Inspectorate raises its voice only when there are cases of employees being injured in the workplace, up to the loss of life, as it is not in its practice to check the business for safety conditions.

- Does the declaration of the employee's fictitious salary cause this to unbalance the country's economy and the employee's well-being?

Of course, when the employee does not declare his real salary, maybe he may feel good when he receives his salary that it seems like something more since he takes the rest under his hand, but when the time of retirement comes, he has contributed less and therefore will to receive a lower pension. These are all economic factors related to pensions.

- For years, the pension scheme is seen as a major problem affecting the non-increase of dignified pensions, what real factors do you consider for the regulation of this matter?

Here are three or four problems that are fixed but don't want to be fixed. First, it is the standardization of documents. Because the pension will be calculated based on the documents. So the state does not have these. Secondly, in the social security law it is provided that from 1994 onwards they must also have the list with the salary years. Today, Social Security in the republic lacks 910 thousand payrolls. How will they find the years of work, since each of us or our relatives have empty years in insurance since they have not had a list of payments. Today, not only private businesses, but there are also state entities which have not paid social security for the employee and have empty months and years. In the regional Police Directorates where they come to my office continuously, I find that these people do not have their salaries declared. I turn to the Social Security, which has the duty to find out how much they had in salary to see the pay list, when nothing happened, where it is about the years 2004, 2005 and up to 2011.

Interviewed

Xhoana Vranici