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The UN report shocks: Ruthless Russia has violated international human rights with torture and war crimes
Written by SOT.COM.AL 17 Mars 2023
Russia has committed large-scale violations of international human rights and humanitarian norms since the start of its invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022. Some of these violations amount to war crimes, the report published by the independent International Commission of Inquiry said. , which is supported by the UN.
The report said the violations include the deliberate killing of unarmed civilians - which constitute war crimes - but also torture, illegal detention, rape and other forms of sexual violence and the forced deportation of Ukrainian children to Russia from areas under Moscow's control.
The commission also said that a wave of large-scale Russian attacks on Ukraine's energy infrastructure since last October has left millions of people in Ukraine without power or heat for long periods during the winter. According to this commission, this may constitute a crime against humanity. The commission's report said that attacks on infrastructure should be investigated further.
The Commission, which has the support of the United Nations, consists of three independent human rights experts. This commission was established during an emergency debate that was held after the launch of the unprovoked Russian invasion of Ukraine.
The report is based on hundreds of interviews, satellite images and visits to detention centers and cemeteries. It mentions that the use of explosive weapons by Russian forces in populated areas is one of the main causes of civilian casualties, which has shown "a disregard for harming civilians and causing suffering".
The report said Commission members "were shocked by the sheer level of destruction" they saw during their field visits.
The report identified a "number" of cases of rape and sexual violence by the Russian authorities in the areas they have taken under control.
Sexual violence was committed during house-to-house visits and during illegal detention of victims.
"Sexual violence, amounting to torture, and threats against these women and men have been significant aspects of the torture carried out by the Russian authorities," the report said.
The transfer and deportation of Ukrainian children to Russia "constitutes a war crime", the report said, adding that many children were unable to contact their families and "may have lost contact with them forever".
Delays in the civilian repatriation process could also constitute a war crime, the report said.
The commission also "documented a small number of violations committed by the Ukrainian armed forces, including indiscriminate attacks and two incidents classified as war crimes when Russian prisoners of war were shot, wounded and tortured," the report said. .
The commission's main recommendation is that "all violations and crimes be investigated and those responsible brought to justice, whether at the national or international level."
Russia has consistently denied allegations that it has committed atrocities or targeted civilians in Ukraine, despite ample evidence to support these allegations. REL