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Aktualitet

Study: Political extremism in Albania, more worrying than religious extremism

Study: Political extremism in Albania, more worrying than religious extremism

In Tirana, the Institute for Democracy and Mediation (IDM) published a study today, according to which citizens are more concerned about political extremism than religious extremism. The study showed that religious extremism is a concern for over 30 percent of citizens, while political extremism is a concern for over 43 percent of the population.

Over 76 percent of the respondents believe that the governing actors in Albania misuse state institutions and resources for narrow political interests. This National Assessment on Violent Extremism in Albania is based on a questionnaire, which was randomly addressed to 1,600 respondents in 61 of the country's 62 municipalities.

Study: Political extremism in Albania, more worrying than religious extremism

The study showed that over 30 percent of the respondents are concerned about religious extremism in Albania. Only 6.6 percent of the respondents claimed that in the area where they live there are individuals or groups that promote religious extremism, with intolerant, Islamophobic, or also of other religions.

Nearly 37 percent of respondents believe in the study that their religious community is adequately represented in politics and state institutions.

While over 43 percent of them affirmed that in their neighborhoods there are religious groups that offer material or economic benefits to the practitioners of their religion. A disturbing finding for the authors of the study is related to the figures that over 30 percent of the respondents think that getting rich fast is not a mistake, while nearly 28 percent affirmed that it justifies any type of economic activity, even if it is illegal.

Self-judgment occupies an important place in the statements of citizens. Over 40 of the citizens said that people have the right to self-judge, when their freedoms and rights are denied by state institutions. Even more than 46 percent believe that the political system in Albania is unfair and should be changed, even with violence if necessary.

Involvement or incitement of civilians to engage in armed conflicts is considered a permissible action by 23 percent of respondents. More than 47 percent of respondents do not believe that state institutions respect the rights and freedoms of citizens.

A quarter of them said that every citizen should defend his ideology by any means and price. There were also those who believe that it is the duty of every believer to protect his religious values ??and dignity by any means and cost.

But on the other hand, 13.6 percent claimed that a decent believer should not denounce members of his community who have extremist religious beliefs.

A quarter of the surveyed citizens (26.4%) believe that Christian majority countries in the Balkans have had more support from the West precisely because of their religious affiliation. Only a minority of 7-11 percent think that it is difficult to be Muslim or Christian in Albania.

More than half of the respondents said that (54.1%) believe that the positions of the head of the religious community (in Tirana) enjoy the full support of believers in the area where they live. WHEREAS

40.5% believe that people have the right to follow unofficial religious interpretations if they disagree with the respective religious communities.

Among the new threats of violent extremism are also political and ethnic-nationalist motives.

The study shows that respondents are more concerned about political extremism over 43 percent, and less about religious extremism (30 percent) and even less about ethno-nationalist extremism.

Over 29.2% of respondents claimed that in the area where they live, there are politicians who explicitly call for violence against political opponents.

According to the study, 76.5% of respondents believe that governing actors in Albania misuse state institutions and resources for narrow political interests.

The study states that 3 out of 4 Albanians believe that some members of the political elite have connections with criminals and serve each other's interests.

High expectations and trust in justice appear again in this study: over 40.9% of respondents believe that the impunity of people with high positions in Albania is increasingly coming to an end.

However, over 68.1% of respondents affirm that in the area where they live, voting for the party in power is necessary to keep a job in the public administration.

Only 35 respondents suggested the presence of ethno-nationalist extremism, which they associated with cases of racial, ethnic or national discrimination that they had observed; as well as cases of violence or threats due to ethnicity.

This is the fourth national assessment of violent extremism conducted by IDM over the past decade.

The authors believe that the study has discovered and addresses key issues and new challenges identified in the present times, where efforts can be based on avoiding these risks, increasing the security and sustainability of civil communities./Voa/